Eyjólfsdóttir, H. S., Baumann, I., Agahi, N., Fritzell, J., & Lennartsson, C. (2019). Prolongation of working life and its effect on mortality and health in older adults: Propensity score matching. Social Science & Medicine, 226, 77–86. Doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.02.026

Eyjólfsdóttir, H. S., Baumann, I., Agahi, N., & Lennartsson, C. (2019). How to measure retirement age? A comparison of survey and register data. Journal of Population Ageing, 1–19. Doi: 10.1007/s12062-019-09254-6

Agahi, N., Dahlberg, L., & Lennartsson, C. (2019). Social integration and alcohol consumption among older people: A four-year follow-up of a Swedish national sample. Drug and Alcohol Dependence196, 40–45. Doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.12.011

Satokangas, M., Lumme, S., Arffman, M., & Keskimäki, I. (2019). Trajectory modelling of ambulatory care sensitive conditions in Finland in 1996–2013: assessing the development of equity in primary health care through clustering of geographic areas–an observational retrospective study. BMC health services research, 19(1), 1-12.

Foverskov, E., Petersen, G. L., Pedersen, J. L. M., Rod, N. H., Mortensen, E. L., Bruunsgaard, H., & Lund, R. (2019). Economic hardship over twenty-two consecutive years of adult life and markers of early ageing: physical capability, cognitive function and inflammation. European Journal of Ageing, 1-13.

Rehnberg, J. (2019). What levels the association between income and mortality in later life: age or health decline?. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B.

Aartsen, M. J., Cheval, B., Sieber, S., Van der Linden, B. W., Gabriel, R., Courvoisier, D. S., … & Kliegel, M. (2019). Advantaged socioeconomic conditions in childhood are associated with higher cognitive functioning but stronger cognitive decline in older age. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences116(12), 5478-5486.

Eyjólfsdóttir, H. S., Baumann, I., Agahi, N., Fritzell, J., & Lennartsson, C. (2019). Prolongation of working life and its effect on mortality and health in older adults: Propensity score matching. Social Science & Medicine226, 77-86.

Hoogendijk, E. O., van der Noordt, M., Onwuteaka-Philipsen, B. D., Deeg, D. J., Huisman, M., Enroth, L., & Jylhä, M. (2019). Sex differences in healthy life expectancy among nonagenarians: A multistate survival model using data from the Vitality 90+ study. Experimental gerontology116, 80-85. DOI: 10.1016/j.exger.2018.12.015

Jørgensen, T. S. H., Siersma, V., Lund, R., & Nilsson, C. J. (2019). Mobility limitation as determinant of primary care use and ambulatory care sensitive conditions. European Geriatric Medicine10(1), 53-60.

Jørgensen, T. S. H., Allore, H., Vroomen, J. L. M., Vander Wyk, B., & Agogo, G. O. (2019). Sociodemographic Factors and Characteristics of Caregivers as Determinants of Skilled Nursing Facility Admissions When Modeled Jointly With Functional Limitations. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association.

Jørgensen, T. S. H., Nilsson, C. J., Lund, R., Siersma, V., & Fors, S. (2019). Intergenerational relations and social mobility: Social inequality in physical function in old age. Archives of gerontology and geriatrics80, 58-64.

Rehnberg, J., Fors, S., & Fritzell, J. (2019). Divergence and Convergence: How Do Income Inequalities in Mortality Change over the Life Course? Gerontology, 1-10. DOI: 10.1159/000494082


Celeste, R. K., & Fritzell, J. (2018). Do socioeconomic inequalities in pain, psychological distress and oral health increase or decrease over the life course? Evidence from Sweden over 43 years of follow-up. J Epidemiol Community Health72(2), 160-167.

Chang, M., O.G. Geirsdottir, A. Ramel, S.H. Sigurdarsdottir, I. Kåreholt. Associations between education and need for care among community dwelling older adults in Iceland. Accepted for publication in Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 2018. doi: 10.1111/SCS.12685 Article ID: 12685

Foverskov, E., Glymour, M. M., Mortensen, E. L., Holm, A., Lange, T., & Lund, R. (2018). Education and Cognitive Aging: Accounting for Selection and Confounding in the Danish Registry-SHARE Data Linkage. American Journal of Epidemiology.

Jolanki O, Tynkkynen L-K. (2018). Primary health care nurses’ views on patients’ abilities and resources to make choices and take decisions on health care. Health Policy, 122(9):957-962. doi: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2018.07.008.

Jönson, H., Szebehely, M. (2018) Äldreomsorger i Sverige: lokala variationer och generella trender. Malmö: Gleerups (edited book focusing in geographical inequalities initiated at the SIA kick-off conference; including chapters by all 7 participants in the Stockholm University SIA-team)

Jørgensen, T. S. H., Fors, S., Nilsson, C. J., Enroth, L., Aaltonen, M., Sundberg, L., Brønnum-Hansen, H., Strand, B. H., Chang, M. & Jylhä, M. (2018). Ageing populations in the Nordic countries: Mortality and longevity from 1990 to 2014. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, Online First.

Jørgensen, T. S. H., Siersma, V., Lund, R., & Nilsson, C. J. (2018). Mortality Following Trajectories of Mobility Limitations: The Modifying Impact of Social Factors. Journal of aging and health,

Kelfve, S., Wastesson, J., Fors, S., Johnell, K., & Morin, L. (2018) Is the level of education associated with transitions between care settings in older adults near the end of life? A nationwide, retrospective cohort study. Palliative Medicine, 32(2), 366-375. doi:10.1177/0269216317726249

Lennartsson, C., Eyjólfsdóttir, H. S., Celeste, R. K., Fritzell, J. (2018) Social class and Infirmity. The role of social class over the life-course. SSM-Population Health, 4: 169-177.

Meagher & Szebehely (2018) The politics of profit in Swedish welfare services: Four decades of Social Democratic ambivalence. Critical Social Policy

Petersen, G. L., Pedersen, J. L. M., Rod, N. H., Mortensen, E. L., Kawachi, I., Osler, M., … & Lund, R. (2018). Childhood socioeconomic position and physical capability in late-middle age in two birth cohorts from the Copenhagen aging and midlife biobank. PloS one13(10), e0205019.

Sundberg, L., Agahi, N., Fritzell, J. & Fors, S. (2018). Why is the gender gap in life expectancy decreasing? The impact of age- and cause-specific mortality in Sweden 1997-2014. International Journal of Public Health, 63(6), 673-681.

Szebehely, M., & Meagher, G. (2018). Nordic eldercare–weak universalism becoming weaker? Journal of European Social Policy28(3), 294-308.

Tarkiainen, L., Rehnberg, J., Martikainen, P., & Fritzell, J. (2018). Income trajectories prior to alcohol‐attributable death in Finland and Sweden. Addiction. doi:10.1111/add.14526, 2018.


Aartsen, M., Veenstra, M., Hansen, T. (2017) Social pathways to health: On the mediating role of the social network in the relation between socio-economic position and health. SSM – Population Health. Vol. 3. doi: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2017.05.006

Enroth, L. (2017) Social inequality in the health of the oldest old : Socioeconomic differences in health, functioning, mortality and long-term care use in the population aged 90+. Tampere: Tampere University Press. (Acta Electronica Universitatis Tamperensis 1840).

Enroth L., Aaltonen M., Raitanen J., Nosraty L., Jylhä M. (2017) Does use of long-term care differ between occupational classes among the oldest old? Vitality 90+ Study. European Journal of Ageing. doi: 10.1007/s10433-017-0445-0

Foverskov, E., Mortensen, EL., Holm, A., Masters, Pedersen J., Osler, M., Lund, R. (2017) Socioeconomic position across the life course and cognitive ability later in life: The importance of considering early cognitive ability. Journal of Aging and Health.

Grøtting, M.W., Lillebø, O. S. (2017). Health effects of retirement. Evidence from survey and register data.. 38 s. Working paper, Institutt for økonomi, Universitetet i Bergen.

Hossin, M. Z., Östergren, O., & Fors, S. (2017) Is the Association Between Late Life Morbidity and Disability Attenuated Over Time? Exploring the Dynamic Equilibrium of Morbidity Hypothesis. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.

Jolanki O, Tynkkynen L-K, Sinervo T. (2017). Professionals’ views on integrated care. Journal of Integrated care, 25(4):247-255.

Jørgensen, TSH., Lund, R., Siersma, V., Nilsson, CJ. (2017) Interplay between financial assets and social relations on decline in physical function and mortality among older people. European Journal of Ageing. doi:10.1007/s10433-017-0437-0

Karsio, O., Anttonen, A. (eds.) (2017) Julkista ja yksityistä vanhushoivaa. Teemanumero, Gerontologia 31(3) [Special issue: Public and private eldercare. Journal of Gerontology]

Karsio, O., Tynkkynen, LK. (2017) Kotitori: Integroitu palveluohjausmalli yksityisen ja julkisen rajalla. Gerontologia 31(3), 197-211. [’Homemarket’: Integrated case management model between private and public sector. Journal of Gerontology.]

Karsio, O., Van Aerschot, L. (2017) Vanhuspalvelut ja valinnanvapaus – johtavien viranomaisten näkemyksiä palvelusetelistä. Gerontologia, 31(3), 165-180. [Eldercare services and free choice – Public official managers’ perspectives to service voucher. Journal of Gerontology.]

Petersen, GL., Mortensen, EL., Rod, NH., Lange, T., Flensborg-Madsen, T., Hansen, ÅM., Lund, R.  (2017) Occupational Social Class and Personality Traits in Relation to Leisure-Time Physical Activity Level: Cross-Sectional Results From the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank. J Aging Health. doi: 10.1177/0898264317714928.

Rostgaard, T., Matthiessen, MU. (2017) Hjælp til svage ældre over tid. København: VIVE.

Szebehely, M., Meagher, G. (2017) Nordic eldercare–Weak universalism becoming weaker?  Journal of European Social Policy. doi: 10.1177/0958928717735062

Zechner, M., Hoppania, HK., Karsio, O., Näre, L., Olakivi, A., Sointu, L., Vaittinen, T. (2017) Sote-norsu posliinikaupassa? Vanhuus ja vaivaisuus sosiaali- ja terveydenhuollon uudistuksessa. Janus, Sosiaalipolitiikan ja sosiaalityön tutkimuksen aikakauslehti 25 (2), 177-181. [Social and health care elephant in a porcelain shop? Old age and ailment in social and health care reform. Janus, Journal of Social Policy and Social Work Research.]


Agahi, N., Fors, S., Fritzell, J., Shaw, BA. (2016) Smoking and physical inactivity as predictors of mobility impairment during late life: Exploring differential vulnerability across education level in Sweden. The Journals of Gerontology, Series B, doi:10.1093/geronb/gbw090.

Kröger, H., Fritzell, J., Hoffmann, R. (2016) The Association of Levels of and Decline in Grip Strength in Old Age with Trajectories of Life Course Occupational Position. PLoS ONE 11(5): e0155954. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0155954

Sundberg, L., Agahi, N., Fritzell, J., Fors, S. (2016) Trends in health expectancies among the oldest old in Sweden, 1992–2011. The European Journal of Public Health 26(6): 1069-1074.

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Brodin, H. (2018) At the intersection of marketisation, diversity and migration: reshaping the provision of paid family eldercare in Sweden?, European Journal of Social Work, 21:2, 222-234, DOI: 10.1080/13691457.2017.1287060

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Ozsait-Selcuk B, Komurcu-Bayrak E, Jylhä M, et al. The rs2516839 variation of USF1 gene is associated with 4-year mortality of nonagenarian women: The Vitality 90+ study. Ann Hum Genet. 2018;1–12.

Satokangas, M., Lumme, S., Arffman, M., Manderbacka, K., & Keskimäki, I. (2018). ACSC trajectories for primary health care authorities in Finland in 1996-2013. European Journal of Public Health28(suppl_4), cky213-537.

Schön, P., & Heap, J. (2018). ESPN Thematic Report on Challenges in long-term care [Sweden]. European Social Policy Network, Brussels: European Commission.

Schön, P. (2018). Familjen allt viktigare för omsorgen om äldre. Äldre i Centrum. Nr 3, 2018,–for-omsorgen-om-aldre/

Seblova, D., Wicks, S., Fors, S., Lopéz Quiroga, M., Johnell, K., Lövdén, M., Svensson, A. C. & Lager, A. (2018). Thirty-year trends in dementia: a nationwide population study of Swedish inpatient records. Clinical Epidemiology, 10, 1679-1693.

Shaw, BA., Fors, S., Fritzell, J., Lennartsson, C., & Agahi, N. (2018) Who Lives Alone During Old Age? Trends in the Social and Functional Disadvantages of Sweden’s Solitary Living Older Adults. Research on Aging. doi:10.1177/0164027517747120

Stranz, A., Szebehely, M. (2018) Organizational trends impacting on everyday realities: the case of Swedish eldercare. In: Christensen K & Pilling D, eds. The Routledge Handbook of Social Care Work Around the World. Routledge

Timonen, V. and Rostgaard, T. (2018) Turning the problem into the solution: Hopes, trends and contradictions in home care for ageing populations in Europe’ in In Thomas Boll; Dieter Ferring; Jaan Valsiner (eds.) Cultures of Care: Handbook of Cultural Geropsychology. Information Age Publishing.

Vaittinen, T., Hoppania, H. K., & Karsio, O. (2018). 27. Marketization, commodification and privatization of care services. Handbook on the International Political Economy of Gender, 379.

Vehko, T., Josefsson, K., Lehtoaro, S., Sinervo, T. (2018). Vanhuspalveluiden henkilöstö ja työn tuloksellisuus rakennemuutoksessa (Personnel and work efficiency in services for older people during structural changes). Raportti : 2018_016, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki 2018.


Aaltonen, M., Forma, L., Pulkki, J., Raitanen, J., Rissanen, P., Jylhä, M.. (2017) Changes in older people’s care profiles during the last two years of life, 1996-1998 and 2011-2013: a retrospective nationwide study in Finland. BMJ Open, 7(11). doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015130.

Darin-Mattsson, A., Fors, S., & Kåreholt, I. (2017) Different indicators of socioeconomic status and their relative importance as determinants of health in old age. International journal for equity in health, 16(1), 173.

Ericsson, M. C., Gatz, M., Kåreholt, I., Parker, M. G., & Fors, S. (2017) Validation of abridged mini-mental state examination scales using population-based data from Sweden and USA. European Journal of Ageing, 14(2), 199-205.

Ericsson, M., Lundholm, C., Fors, S., Aslan, A. K. D., Zavala, C., Reynolds, C. A., & Pedersen, N. L. (2017) Childhood social class and cognitive aging in the Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of Aging. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201620603.

Halonen, P., Enroth, L., Jylhä, M., Tiainen, K. (2017) Pitkäaikaissairaudet ja monisairastavuus hyvin vanhoilla sekä niiden yhteys toimintakykyyn ja itse arvioituun terveyteen-Tervaskannot 90+ -tutkimus. Gerontologia, 31(4), 269-281.

Harrington, C., Jacobsen, FF., Panos, J., Pollock, A., Sutaria, S., Szebehely, M. (2017) Marketization in Long-Term Care: A Cross-Country Comparison of Large For-Profit Nursing Home Chains. Health Services Insights, 10. doi:10.1177/1178632917710533

Heap, J., Fors, S., & Lennartsson, C. (2017) Coexisting Disadvantages in later Life: Demographic and Socio-Economic Inequalities. Journal of Population Ageing, 10(3), 247-267. doi:10.1007/s12062-016-9158-y

Jensen Flensborg, MC. (2017) Gender Stereotypes and the Reshaping of Stigma in Rehabilitative Eldercare. Gender, Work & Organization, 24 (5): 656–674.

Johansson, L. & Schön, P. (2017) Country Report Sweden. Report. CEQUA Long Term Care network, London School of Economics and Political Science. Brussels: European Commission: European Union.

Jolanki, O., Tynkkynen, LK., Sinervo, T. (2017) Professionals’ views on integrated care. Journal of Integrated care, 25(4): 247-255.

Lagergren, M., Johnell, K., Schön, P., & Danielsson, M. (2017). Towards a postponement of ADL dependency and mobility limitation – trends in healthy life years in old age in Sweden 1980 to 2011. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 45: 520–527

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Lumme, S., Manderbacka, K., Keskimäki, I. (2017) Trends of relative and absolute socioeconomic equity in access to coronary reavascularisations in 1995-2010 in Finland: a register study. International Journal for Equity in Health Int J Equity in Health, 16:37. doi:10.1186/s12939-017-0536-8

Martinelli, F., Anttonen, A., Mätzke, M. (eds.) (2017) Social Services Disrupted. Changes, Challenges and Policy Implications for Europe in Times of Austerity. Edward Elgar, Cheltenhamn.

Masters Pedersen, J., Mortensen, EL., Skjærlund, D., Rozing, M., Brunsgaard, H., Holdal Meincke R., Lindved Petersen G., Lund R. (2017) Prenatal and early postnatal stress and later life inflammation. Psychoneuroendocrinology.

Burström, B., Burström, K., Nilsson, G., Tomson, G., Whitehead, M., Winblad, U. (2017) Equity aspects of the Primary Health Care Choice Reform in Sweden – a scoping review. Int J Equity Health, 28;16(1):29. doi: 10.1186/s12939-017-0524-z.

Kauppi, M., Raitanen, J., Stenholm, S., Aaltonen, M., Enroth, L., Jylhä, M. (2017) Predictors of long-term care among nonagenarians: the Vitality 90 + Study with linked data of the care registers. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research. doi: 10.1007/s40520-017-0869-6

Keskimäki, I., Heponiemi, T., Sinervo, T. (2017) Striving for integrated care and efficiency in Finland: country-wide and local skill-mix innovations. In: Glinos I et al. Skill-mix innovations in primary and chronic care: Mobilising patients, peers, professionals.  Observatory Studies Series, World Health Organization, in press.

Kjellberg, PK., Graff, L. (2017) Sygeplejerskernes rolle i rehabilitering i ældreplejen. Hvad kan vi lære af danske studier? København: KORA.

Lagergren, M., Johnell, K., Schön, P., Danielsson, M. (2017) Towards a postponement of ADL dependency and mobility limitation – trends in healthy life years in old age in Sweden 1980 to 2011. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health.

Lauritzen, H., Bjerre, M., Graff, L., Casier, F., Fridberg, T., Rostgaard, T. (2017) Rehabilitering på ældreområdet. Afprøvning af en model for rehabiliteringsforløb i to kommuner. København: SFI – Det Nationale Forskningscenter for Velfærd.

Nosraty, L., Pulkki, J., Raitanen, J., Enroth, L., Jylhä, M. (2017) Successful Aging as a Predictor of Long-Term Care Among Oldest Old: The Vitality 90+ Study. Journal of Applied Gerontology. doi: 10.1177/0733464817716968

Rostgaard, T. (2017) Frit valg i hjemmeplejen – Arbejdsvilkår for medarbejdere i privat og offentlig hjemmepleje. København: KORA.

Petersen, A., Graff, L., Rostgaard, T., Kjellberg, J., Kjellberg, PK. (2017) Rehabilitering på ældreområdet – Hvad fortæller danske undersøgelser os om kommunernes arbejde med rehabilitering i hjemmeplejen? København: Sundhedsstyrelsen/KORA.

Starr, M., Szebehely, M. (2017) Working longer, caring harder – the impact of ‘ageing-in-place’ policies on working carers in the UK and Sweden, International Journal of Care and Caring, 1(1): 115–19.

Szebehely, M. (2017)  Vad kan Finland lära av Sveriges erfarenheter av vinst i välfärden?  Ikaros nr 1, 2017, p. 11-14 URL:

Szebehely, M. (2017) Voitontavoittelu hyvinvointipalveluissa: mitä Suomi voi oppia Ruotsin kokemuksista? Talous & Yhteiskunta 3:2017

Szebehely, M., Stranz, A., Strandell, R. (2017) Vem ska arbeta i framtidens äldreomsorg? Stockholms Universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.

Theobald, H., Szebehely, M., Saito, Y., Ishiguro, N. (2017) Marketisation policies in different contexts: Consequences for home-care workers in Germany, Japan and Sweden. International Journal of Social Welfare. doi: 10.1111/ijsw.12298


Anttonen, A. (2016) Sote-uudistuksen kipupisteitä (Problems related to sote-reform) Talous ja yhteiskunta

Anttonen A., Karsio O. (2016) Eldercare Service Redesign in Finland: Deinstitutionalization of Long-Term Care. Journal of Social Service Research 42 (2), 151-166.

Anttonen, A. & Sipilä, J. (2016) Universalismi ja sen vaihtoehdot (Universalism and its alternatives) In Vastavuoroinen sosiaalityö, ed. Törrönen et al., Gaudeamus, Helsinki 2016, 57-74.

Enroth, L., Raitanen, J., Hervonen, A., Lehtimäki, T., Jylhävä, J., Hurme, M., Jylhä, M. (2016) Cardiometabolic and Inflammatory Biomarkers as Mediators between Educational Level and Functioning at the Age of 90 Years. The Journals of Gerontology, Series A, 71(3):412-9

Enroth L, Jylhä M. (2016) Response to Ozin et al. The Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences. doi:10.1093/gerona/glw176

Hoppania H-K, Karsio O., Näre L., Olakivi A., Sointu L., Vaittinen T., Zechner M.. (2016) Hoivan arvoiset: Vaiva yhteiskunnan ytimessä. Helsinki: Gaudeamus.

Rostgaard, T. (2016) Socially investing in older people. Reablement as a social care policy. Research on Finnish Society, Vol. 9:19-32.


Agerholm, J., Bruce, D., de Leon, A. P., & Burström, B. (2015) Equity impact of a choice reform and change in reimbursement system in primary care in Stockholm County Council. BMC health services research, 15(1), 1. [Link]

How to acknowledge SIA and NordForsk

Oral presentations and posters use the NordForsk logo found at the Nordforsk website. Follow these links:

PNG logo (for use in power point and when high resolution is not needed)

Tiff logo (for print and when high resolution is needed)

In articles, books, book chapters, etc quote the following:

The research leading to these results was carried out as part of the Social Inequalities in Ageing (SIA) project, funded by NordForsk, project no. 74637.