Nersesjan SCNilsson CJDavidsen K, et al., Life course partnership history and objectively measured physical functional ability in Danish middle-aged adults


A special section in the European Journal of Ageing  ((guest editors Johan Fritzell, Neda Agahi, Marja Jylhä and Tine Rostgaard):

Fritzell, J., Agahi, N., Jylhä, M., & Rostgaard, T. (2022). Social inequalities in ageing in the Nordic countries. European Journal of Ageing, 1-5.

Enroth L, Jasilionis D, Németh L, Strand BH, Tanjung I, Sundberg L, Fors S, Jylhä M & Brønnum-Hansen H 2022. Changes in socioeconomic differentials in old age life expectancy in four Nordic countries – The impact of educational expansion and education-specific mortality. European Journal of Ageing 19, 161–173.

Dahlberg, L., McKee, K. J., Lennartsson, C., & Rehnberg, J. (2022). A social exclusion perspective on loneliness in older adults in the Nordic countries. European Journal of Ageing, 1-14.

Liljas, A. E. M., Jensen, N. K., Pulkki, J., Andersen, I., Keskimäki, I., Burström, B., & Agerholm, J. (2022). The influence of sociodemographic factors and close relatives at hospital discharge and post-hospital care of older people with complex care needs Nurses’ perceptions on health inequity in three Nordic cities. European Journal of Ageing, 1-12.

Rostgaard, T., Jacobsen, F., Kröger, T., & Peterson, E. (2022). Revisiting the Nordic long-term care model for older people—still equal?. European Journal of Ageing19(2), 201-210.

Erlandsson, S., Brodin, H., Graff, L., & Karsio, O. (2022). Choice models in Nordic long-term care: care managers’ experiences of privilege and disadvantage among older adults. European journal of ageing, 19(2), 211–220.

Tynkkynen, L. K., Pulkki, J., Tervonen-Gonçalves, L., Schön, P., Burström, B., & Keskimäki, I. (2022). Health system reforms and the needs of the ageing population—an analysis of recent policy paths and reform trends in Finland and Sweden. European Journal of Ageing, 1-12.

Other Papers:

Agerholm, J. Teni, FS., Sundbye, J., Rolfson, O., Burström, K. (In press). Patient-reported outcomes among patients undergoing total hip replacement in an integrated care system in Norrtälje and in a standard care system in Region Stockholm, Sweden. European journal of ageing.

Baumann I, Cabib I, Eyjólfsdóttir HS, Agahi N. Part-time work and health in late careers: Evidence from a longitudinal and cross-national study. SSM – Popul Heal. 2022;18:101091. doi:10.1016/j.ssmph.2022.101091

Baumann I, Eyjólfsdóttir HS, Fritzell J, et al. Do cognitively stimulating activities affect the association between retirement timing and cognitive functioning in old age? Ageing Soc. 2022;42(2):306-330. doi:10.1017/S0144686X20000847

Doheny, M,  Schön P, Orsini N, Walander A, Burström B, Agerholm J. (2022). Socioeconomic differences in inpatient care expenditure in the last year of life among older people: a retrospective population-based study in Stockholm County. BMJ Open. 2022 Jul 8;12(7):e060981. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-060981

Eyjólfsdóttir HS, Agahi N, Fritzell J, Lennartsson C. Physical functioning as a predictor of retirement: Has its importance changed over a thirty-year period in Sweden? Eur J Ageing (in press). 2022.

Eyjólfsdóttir HS, Baumann I, Agahi N, Lennartsson C. How to Measure Retirement Age? A Comparison of Survey and Register Data. J Popul Ageing. 2021;14(2):143-161. doi:10.1007/s12062-019-09254-6

Hoppania, H. K., Karsio, O., Näre, L., Vaittinen, T., & Zechner, M. (2022). Financialization of Eldercare in a Nordic Welfare State. Journal of Social Policy, 1-19. doi:10.1017/S0047279422000137

Ulmanen, P. & Brodin, H. (2022). Gender, migration and the costs of unpaid family care in Sweden. [Manuscript submitted for publication in Ageing and Society].

Veenstra, M., & Aartsen, M. (2022). Life-course income trajectories of men and women in Norway: implications for self-rated health in later life. European Journal of Public Health32(4), 542-547.


Agerholm, J., de Leon, A.P., Schön, P., Burström, B. (2021). Impact of Integrated Care on the Rate of Hospitalization for Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions among Older Adults in Stockholm County: An Interrupted Time Series Analysis. International Journal of Integrated Care, 21(2):22;

Doheny, M., Schön, P., Orsini, N., Fastbom, J., Burström, B., Agerholm, J. (2021). Socio-demographic differences in polypharmacy and potentially inappropriate drug use among older people with different care needs and in care settings in Stockholm, Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health,

Enroth L, Fors S 2021. Trends in the social class inequalities in disability and self-rated health: Repeated cross-sectional surveys from Finland and Sweden 2001-2018. International Journal of Public Health. 66:645513.

Sundberg, L., Agahi, N., Fritzell, J., Wastesson, J., & Fors, S. (2021). Increasing Inequalities in Disability-Free Life Expectancy among Older Adults in Sweden 2002-2014. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, Dec 29,

Ulmanen, P. (2021). Reversed socioeconomic pattern in the costs of caring regarding well‐being and paid work among women in Sweden. Social Policy & Administration.


Brønnum-Hansen, H., Foverskov, E., & Andersen, I. (2020). Occupational inequality in health expectancy in Denmark. Scandinavian journal of public health, 48(3), 338-345.

Celeste R.K., Eyjólfsdóttir, H.S., Lennartsson, C., Fritzell, J. Socioeconomic Life Course Models and Oral Health: A Longitudinal Analysis. Journal of Dental Research, 99(3), 257–263, 2020.

Doheny, M., Agerholm, J., Orsini, N., Schön, P., & Burström, B. (2020). Impact of integrated care on trends in the rate of emergency department visits among older persons in Stockholm County: an interrupted time series analysis. BMJ open, 10(6), e036182.

Enroth L, Pulkki J (In press). Aistivaikeudet, arki ja toimintakyky 90 vuotta täyttäneillä. Gerontologia. (Sensory difficulties, everyday life and functional ability among people aged 90+)

Enroth, L., Raitanen, J., Halonen, P., Tiainen, K., & Jylhä, M. (2020). Trends of Physical Functioning, Morbidity and Disability-free Life Expectancy among the Oldest Old: Six Repeated Cross-sectional Surveys between 2001 and 2018 in the Vitality 90+ Study. The Journals of Gerontology: Series A.

Fors, S., Wastesson, W. J., Morin, L. (In press). Growing income-based inequalities in old-age life expectancy in Sweden, 2006–2015. Demography.

Foverskov, E., Glymour, M. M., Mortensen, E. L., Osler, M., Okholm, G. T., & Lund, R. (2020). Education and adolescent cognitive ability as predictors of dementia in a cohort of Danish men. Plos one, 15(8), e0235781.

Foverskov, E., Petersen, G. L., Pedersen, J. L. M., Rod, N. H., Mortensen, E. L., Bruunsgaard, H., & Lund, R. (2020). Economic hardship over twenty-two consecutive years of adult life and markers of early ageing: physical capability, cognitive function and inflammation. European journal of ageing, 17(1), 55-67.

Foverskov, E., Social inequality in cognitive ageing, PhD thesis defended June 2020, University of Copenhagen

Grøtting, M. W. & Lillebø, O. (2020). Health effects of retirement: Evidence from survey and register data. Journal of Population Economics, 33: 671–704.

Jørgensen, T. S. H., Allore, H., Elman, M. R., Nagel, C., Zhang, M., Markwardt, S., & Quiñones, A. R. (2020). Annual Wellness Visits and Influenza Vaccinations among Older Adults in the US. Journal of primary care & community health, 11, 2150132720962870.

Jørgensen, T. S. H., Siersma, V., Lund, R., & Nilsson, C. J. (2020). Mortality Following Trajectories of Mobility Limitations: The Modifying Impact of Social Factors. Journal of aging and health, 32(3-4), 134-142.

Lumme, S., Manderbacka, K., Arffman, M., Karvonen, S., & Keskimaki, I. (2020). Cumulative social disadvantage and hospitalisations due to ambulatory care-sensitive conditions in Finland in 2011─ 2013: a register study. BMJ open, 10(8), e038338.

Naseer M, Agerholm J, Fastbom J, Schön P, Ehrenberg A, Dahlberg L. Factors associated with emergency department revisits among older adults in two Swedish regions: A prospective cohort study. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. Volume 86.2020

Nilsson, C. J., Nørgaard, S., Foverskov, E., Bruunsgaard, H., Andersen, P. K., & Lund, R. (2020). Positive and negative aspects of social relations and low-grade inflammation in Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank. European Journal of Ageing, 1-16.

Partanen, V. M., Arffman, M., Manderbacka, K., & Keskimäki, I. (2020). Mortality related to ambulatory care sensitive hospitalisations in Finland. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 48(8), 839-846.

Pulkki, J., & Tynkkynen, L. K. (2020). Misunderstanding home: Exploring depictions of home in old age policy decision-making. International Journal of Ageing and Later Life, 1-24.

Rehnberg, J. (2020). What Levels the Association Between Income and Mortality in Later Life: Age or Health Decline?. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 75(2), 426-435.

Satokangas, M., Arffman, M., Antikainen, H., Leyland, A. H., & Keskimäki, I. (2021). Individual and Area-level Factors Contributing to the Geographic Variation in Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions in Finland: A Register-based Study. Medical care, 59(2), 123.

Srivarathan, A., Lund, R., Christensen, U., & Kristiansen, M. (2020). Social Relations, Community Engagement and Potentials: A Qualitative Study Exploring Resident Engagement in a Community-Based Health Promotion Intervention in a Deprived Social Housing Area. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(7), 2341.


Aartsen, M. J., Cheval, B., Sieber, S., Van der Linden, B. W., Gabriel, R., Courvoisier, D. S., … & Kliegel, M. (2019). Advantaged socioeconomic conditions in childhood are associated with higher cognitive functioning but stronger cognitive decline in older age. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences116(12), 5478-5486.

Agahi, N., Dahlberg, L., & Lennartsson, C. (2019). Social integration and alcohol consumption among older people: A four-year follow-up of a Swedish national sample. Drug and Alcohol Dependence196, 40–45. Doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.12.011

Chang, M., Geirsdottir, O. G., Sigurdarsdottir, S. H., Kåreholt, I., & Ramel, A. (2019). Associations between education and need for care among community dwelling older adults in Iceland. Scandinavian journal of caring sciences33(4), 885–891.

Doheny M, Agerholm J, Orsini N, Schön P, Burström B.(2019) Socio-demographic differences in the frequent use of emergency department care by older persons: a population-based study in Stockholm County. BMC Health Serv Res. 29;19(1):202. doi: 10.1186/s12913-019-4029-x

Enroth, L., Veenstra, M., Aartsen, M., Kjær, A. A., Nilsson, C. J., & Fors, S. (2019). Are there educational disparities in health and functioning among the oldest old? Evidence from the Nordic countries. European Journal of Ageing, 16(4), 415-424.

Eyjólfsdóttir, H. S., Baumann, I., Agahi, N., & Lennartsson, C. (2019). How to measure retirement age? A comparison of survey and register data. Journal of Population Ageing, 1–19. Doi: 10.1007/s12062-019-09254-6

Eyjólfsdóttir, H. S., Baumann, I., Agahi, N., Fritzell, J., & Lennartsson, C. (2019). Prolongation of working life and its effect on mortality and health in older adults: Propensity score matching. Social Science & Medicine, 226, 77–86. Doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.02.026

Eyjólfsdóttir, H. S., Baumann, I., Agahi, N., Fritzell, J., & Lennartsson, C. (2019). Prolongation of working life and its effect on mortality and health in older adults: Propensity score matching. Social Science & Medicine226, 77-86.

Foverskov, E., Petersen, G. L., Pedersen, J. L. M., Rod, N. H., Mortensen, E. L., Bruunsgaard, H., & Lund, R. (2019). Economic hardship over twenty-two consecutive years of adult life and markers of early ageing: physical capability, cognitive function and inflammation. European Journal of Ageing, 1-13.

Grøtting, Maja Weemes. (2019) Empirical Essays on Health and Aging. Doctoral thesis. University of Bergen, Department of Economics, Norway.

Halonen, P., Raitanen, J., Jämsen, E., Enroth, L., & Jylhä, M. (2019). Chronic conditions and multimorbidity in population aged 90 years and over: associations with mortality and long-term care admission. Age and ageing, 48(4), 564-570.

Hoogendijk, E. O., van der Noordt, M., Onwuteaka-Philipsen, B. D., Deeg, D. J., Huisman, M., Enroth, L., & Jylhä, M. (2019). Sex differences in healthy life expectancy among nonagenarians: A multistate survival model using data from the Vitality 90+ study. Experimental gerontology116, 80-85. DOI: 10.1016/j.exger.2018.12.015

Jørgensen, T. S. H., Allore, H., Vroomen, J. L. M., Vander Wyk, B., & Agogo, G. O. (2019). Sociodemographic Factors and Characteristics of Caregivers as Determinants of Skilled Nursing Facility Admissions When Modeled Jointly With Functional Limitations. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association.

Jørgensen, T. S. H., Allore, H., Vroomen, J. L. M., Vander Wyk, B., & Agogo, G. O. (2019). Sociodemographic Factors and Characteristics of Caregivers as Determinants of Skilled Nursing Facility Admissions When Modeled Jointly With Functional Limitations. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 20(12), 1599-1604.

Jørgensen, T. S. H., Fors, S., Nilsson, C. J., Enroth, L., Aaltonen, M., Sundberg, L., … & Jylhä, M. (2019). Ageing populations in the Nordic countries: mortality and longevity from 1990 to 2014. Scandinavian journal of public health, 47(6), 611-617.

Jørgensen, T. S. H., Nilsson, C. J., Lund, R., Siersma, V., & Fors, S. (2019). Intergenerational relations and social mobility: Social inequality in physical function in old age. Archives of gerontology and geriatrics80, 58-64.

Jørgensen, T. S. H., Siersma, V., Lund, R., & Nilsson, C. J. (2019). Mobility limitation as determinant of primary care use and ambulatory care sensitive conditions. European Geriatric Medicine10(1), 53-60.

Jørgensen, TSH., Social conditions and the course of physical function in old age, Doctoral thesis, University of Copenhagen

Jylhä M, Enroth L, Halonen P (2019). Vanhoista vanhimpien terveys ja toimintakyky. Duodecim, 135 (11), 1085-1091.

Karsio, Olli. (2019). Free choice in publicly organised and funded social services: Background report for the Economic Policy Council. Helsinki: Talouspolitiikan arviointineuvosto.

Karsio, Olli; Tynkkynen, Liina-Kaisa. (2019). Haastattelututkimus julkisesti rahoitetuista sosiaali- ja terveyspalvelumarkkinoista ja yksityisten palveluntuottajien kannustimista [An interview study on publicly funded social and health care markets and the incentives of private service providers]. Helsinki: Talouspolitiikan arviointineuvosto.

Liljas, A. E., Brattström, F., Burström, B., Schön, P., & Agerholm, J. (2019). Impact of Integrated Care on Patient-Related Outcomes Among Older People–A Systematic Review. International journal of integrated care, 19(3).

Nosraty L, Pulkki J, Raitanen J, Enroth L & Jylhä M (2019). Successful Aging as a Predictor of Long-Term Care Among Oldest Old: The Vitality 90+ Study. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 38(4), 553-571.

Petersen GL., Socioeconomic position across the life course and physical capability in late-middle age, Doctoral thesis, University of Copenhagen.

Pulkki J, Aaltonen M, Raitanen J, Rissanen P, Jylhä M & Forma L. (2019) Purchases of medicines among community-dwelling older people: comparing people in the last 2 years of life and those who lived at least 2 years longer. European Journal of Ageing,

Rehnberg, J. (2019). Inequalities in life and death: Income and mortality in an ageing population, Doctoral dissertation, Department of Public Health Sciences, Stockholm University.

Rehnberg, J., Fors, S., & Fritzell, J. (2019). Divergence and Convergence: How Do Income Inequalities in Mortality Change over the Life Course? Gerontology, 1-10.

Satokangas, M., Lumme, S., Arffman, M., & Keskimäki, I. (2019). Trajectory modelling of ambulatory care sensitive conditions in Finland in 1996–2013: assessing the development of equity in primary health care through clustering of geographic areas–an observational retrospective study. BMC health services research, 19(1), 1-12.

Strandell R (2019) Care workers under pressure – A comparison of the work situation in Swedish home care 2005 and 2015. Health and Social Care in the Community, DOI: 10.1111/hsc.12848


Celeste, R. K., & Fritzell, J. (2018). Do socioeconomic inequalities in pain, psychological distress and oral health increase or decrease over the life course? Evidence from Sweden over 43 years of follow-up. J Epidemiol Community Health72(2), 160-167.

Chang, M., O.G. Geirsdottir, A. Ramel, S.H. Sigurdarsdottir, I. Kåreholt. Associations between education and need for care among community dwelling older adults in Iceland. Accepted for publication in Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 2018. doi: 10.1111/SCS.12685 Article ID: 12685

Foverskov, E., Glymour, M. M., Mortensen, E. L., Holm, A., Lange, T., & Lund, R. (2018). Education and Cognitive Aging: Accounting for Selection and Confounding in the Danish Registry-SHARE Data Linkage. American Journal of Epidemiology.

Jolanki O, Tynkkynen L-K. (2018). Primary health care nurses’ views on patients’ abilities and resources to make choices and take decisions on health care. Health Policy, 122(9):957-962. doi: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2018.07.008.

Jönson, H., Szebehely, M. (2018) Äldreomsorger i Sverige: lokala variationer och generella trender. Malmö: Gleerups (edited book focusing in geographical inequalities initiated at the SIA kick-off conference; including chapters by all 7 participants in the Stockholm University SIA-team)

Kelfve, S., Wastesson, J., Fors, S., Johnell, K., & Morin, L. (2018) Is the level of education associated with transitions between care settings in older adults near the end of life? A nationwide, retrospective cohort study. Palliative Medicine, 32(2), 366-375. doi:10.1177/0269216317726249

Lennartsson, C., Eyjólfsdóttir, H. S., Celeste, R. K., Fritzell, J. (2018) Social class and Infirmity. The role of social class over the life-course. SSM-Population Health, 4: 169-177.

Meagher & Szebehely (2018) The politics of profit in Swedish welfare services: Four decades of Social Democratic ambivalence. Critical Social Policy

Petersen, G. L., Pedersen, J. L. M., Rod, N. H., Mortensen, E. L., Kawachi, I., Osler, M., … & Lund, R. (2018). Childhood socioeconomic position and physical capability in late-middle age in two birth cohorts from the Copenhagen aging and midlife biobank. PloS one13(10), e0205019.

Sundberg, L., Agahi, N., Fritzell, J. & Fors, S. (2018). Why is the gender gap in life expectancy decreasing? The impact of age- and cause-specific mortality in Sweden 1997-2014. International Journal of Public Health, 63(6), 673-681.

Szebehely, M., & Meagher, G. (2018). Nordic eldercare–weak universalism becoming weaker? Journal of European Social Policy28(3), 294-308.

Tarkiainen, L., Rehnberg, J., Martikainen, P., & Fritzell, J. (2018). Income trajectories prior to alcohol‐attributable death in Finland and Sweden. Addiction. doi:10.1111/add.14526, 2018.


Aartsen, M., Veenstra, M., Hansen, T. (2017) Social pathways to health: On the mediating role of the social network in the relation between socio-economic position and health. SSM – Population Health. Vol. 3. doi: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2017.05.006

Enroth, L. (2017) Social inequality in the health of the oldest old : Socioeconomic differences in health, functioning, mortality and long-term care use in the population aged 90+. Tampere: Tampere University Press. (Acta Electronica Universitatis Tamperensis 1840).

Enroth L., Aaltonen M., Raitanen J., Nosraty L., Jylhä M. (2017) Does use of long-term care differ between occupational classes among the oldest old? Vitality 90+ Study. European Journal of Ageing. doi: 10.1007/s10433-017-0445-0

Foverskov, E., Mortensen, EL., Holm, A., Masters, Pedersen J., Osler, M., Lund, R. (2017) Socioeconomic position across the life course and cognitive ability later in life: The importance of considering early cognitive ability. Journal of Aging and Health.

Grøtting, M.W., Lillebø, O. S. (2017). Health effects of retirement. Evidence from survey and register data.. 38 s. Working paper, Institutt for økonomi, Universitetet i Bergen.

Hossin, M. Z., Östergren, O., & Fors, S. (2017) Is the Association Between Late Life Morbidity and Disability Attenuated Over Time? Exploring the Dynamic Equilibrium of Morbidity Hypothesis. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.

Jolanki O, Tynkkynen L-K, Sinervo T. (2017). Professionals’ views on integrated care. Journal of Integrated care, 25(4):247-255.

Jørgensen, TSH., Lund, R., Siersma, V., Nilsson, CJ. (2017) Interplay between financial assets and social relations on decline in physical function and mortality among older people. European Journal of Ageing. doi:10.1007/s10433-017-0437-0

Karsio, O., Anttonen, A. (eds.) (2017) Julkista ja yksityistä vanhushoivaa. Teemanumero, Gerontologia 31(3) [Special issue: Public and private eldercare. Journal of Gerontology]

Karsio, O., Tynkkynen, LK. (2017) Kotitori: Integroitu palveluohjausmalli yksityisen ja julkisen rajalla. Gerontologia 31(3), 197-211. [’Homemarket’: Integrated case management model between private and public sector. Journal of Gerontology.]

Karsio, O., Van Aerschot, L. (2017) Vanhuspalvelut ja valinnanvapaus – johtavien viranomaisten näkemyksiä palvelusetelistä. Gerontologia, 31(3), 165-180. [Eldercare services and free choice – Public official managers’ perspectives to service voucher. Journal of Gerontology.]

Petersen, GL., Mortensen, EL., Rod, NH., Lange, T., Flensborg-Madsen, T., Hansen, ÅM., Lund, R.  (2017) Occupational Social Class and Personality Traits in Relation to Leisure-Time Physical Activity Level: Cross-Sectional Results From the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank. J Aging Health. doi: 10.1177/0898264317714928.

Rostgaard, T., Matthiessen, MU. (2017) Hjælp til svage ældre over tid. København: VIVE.

Szebehely, M., Meagher, G. (2017) Nordic eldercare–Weak universalism becoming weaker?  Journal of European Social Policy. doi: 10.1177/0958928717735062

Zechner, M., Hoppania, HK., Karsio, O., Näre, L., Olakivi, A., Sointu, L., Vaittinen, T. (2017) Sote-norsu posliinikaupassa? Vanhuus ja vaivaisuus sosiaali- ja terveydenhuollon uudistuksessa. Janus, Sosiaalipolitiikan ja sosiaalityön tutkimuksen aikakauslehti 25 (2), 177-181. [Social and health care elephant in a porcelain shop? Old age and ailment in social and health care reform. Janus, Journal of Social Policy and Social Work Research.]


Agahi, N., Fors, S., Fritzell, J., Shaw, BA. (2016) Smoking and physical inactivity as predictors of mobility impairment during late life: Exploring differential vulnerability across education level in Sweden. The Journals of Gerontology, Series B, doi:10.1093/geronb/gbw090.

Kröger, H., Fritzell, J., Hoffmann, R. (2016) The Association of Levels of and Decline in Grip Strength in Old Age with Trajectories of Life Course Occupational Position. PLoS ONE 11(5): e0155954. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0155954

Sundberg, L., Agahi, N., Fritzell, J., Fors, S. (2016) Trends in health expectancies among the oldest old in Sweden, 1992–2011. The European Journal of Public Health 26(6): 1069-1074.

Related publications


Daly, M., León, M., Pfau-Effinger, B., Ranci, C., & Rostgaard, T. (2022). COVID-19 and policies for care homes in the first wave of the pandemic in European welfare states: Too little, too late? Journal of European Social Policy32(1), 48–59.

Ældrepleje Rostgaard, T. (2022). Det danske samfund – centrale idéer og principper. Greve, B., Jørgensen, A. & Larsen, J. E. (red.). 2 udg. Journal of European social policy.32(1) 48-59.



Harpa Sif Eyjólfsdótti (2021). Unequal tracks? Studies on work, retirement and health. Doctoral Thesis. Stockholm: Karolinska Institutet.

Louise Sundberg (2021). Better all the time? Trends in health and longevity among older adults in Sweden. Doctoral thesis. Stockholm: Karolinska Institutet.

Markku Satokangas (2021). Geographic equity in primary health care performance in Finland : from individual socioeconomic position into the blind spot of the service system. Doctoral Thesis. Finland: Helsingin yliopisto.

Megan Doheny (2021). Socio-economic differences in the healthcare utilisation of older persons in Sweden. Doctoral thesis. Stockholm: Karolinska Institutet.


Aartsen, Marja (2021). What are the origins of gender inequality?. The Source: A blog providing insight and discussion on publishing in the academic world (Springer Nature).

Allers, K., Calderón-Larrañaga, A., Fors, S., & Morin, L. (2021). Socioeconomic position and risk of unplanned hospitalization among nursing home residents: a nationwide cohort study. European Journal of Public Health.

Chen, T. Y., Chan, A., Andersen-Ranberg, K., Herr, M., Fors, S., Jeune, B., … & Saito, Y. (2020). Prevalence and correlates of falls among centenarians: results from the Five-Country oldest old project (5-COOP). The Journals of Gerontology: Series A, 75(5), 974-979.

Forma, L., Aaltonen, M., Raitanen, J., Anthun, K. S., & Kalseth, J. (2020). Place of death among older people in Finland and Norway. Scandinavian journal of public health, 48(8), 817-824.

Fritzell, J., Lennartsson, C., & Zaidi, A. (2020). Trends and Inequality in the New Active Ageing and Well-Being Index of the Oldest Old: a Case Study of Sweden. Journal of Population Ageing, 1-18.

Hjelmar, U., & Rostgaard, T. (2020). Supplemental home care and topping‐up: A shift from service universalism towards a new and privatised public service model?. International Journal of Social Welfare, 29(2), 118-128.

Jantunen, S., Piippo, J., Surakka, J., Sinervo, T., Ruotsalainen, S., & Burström, T. (2020). Self-Organizing Teams in Elderly Care in Finland: Experiences and Opportunities. Creative nursing, 26(1), 37-42.

Jørgensen, T. S. H., Okholm, G. T., Christensen, K., Sørensen, T. I., & Osler, M. (2020). Body height in young adult men and risk of dementia later in adult life. Elife, 9, e51168.

Kananen, L., Enroth, L., Raitanen, J., Jylhävä, J., Bürkle, A., Moreno-Villanueva, M., … & Jylhä, M. (2021). Self-rated health in individuals with and without disease is associated with multiple biomarkers representing multiple biological domains. Scientific reports, 11(1), 1-14.

Phillips, S. P., Vafaei, A., Yu, S., Rodrigues, R., Ilinca, S., Zolyomi, E., & Fors, S. (2020). Systematic review of methods used to study the intersecting impact of sex and social locations on health outcomes. SSM-population health, 100705.

Rostgaard, T.(2020). Changes in formal and informal care giving in DenmarkGlobal Social Security Review. 12, Spring, s. 1-14 14 s, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Ruotsalainen, S., Jantunen, S., & Sinervo, T. (2020). Which factors are related to Finnish home care workers’ job satisfaction, stress, psychological distress and perceived quality of care?-a mixed method study. BMC Health Services Research, 20(1), 1-13.

Satokangas M. Väestörakenteen alueelliset erot sekoittavat terveyskeskusten välisten laatuerojen arvioimista (Geographical differences in population composition challenge the evaluation of primary care quality, in Finnish). Yleislääkärilehti (Finnish Journal of General Practice) 1/2020; 35

Seblova, D., Fischer, M., Fors, S., Johnell, K., Karlsson, M., Nilsson, T., … & Lager, A. (2020). Does prolonged education causally affect dementia risk when adult socioeconomic status is not altered? A Swedish natural experiment on 1.3 million individuals. American Journal of Epidemiology.

Sieber, S., Cheval, B., Orsholits, D., van der Linden, B. W., Guessous, I., Gabriel, R., … & Cullati, S. (2020). Do welfare regimes moderate cumulative dis/advantages over the life course? Cross-national evidence from longitudinal SHARE data. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 75(6), 1312-1325.

Suen, L. K. P., Siu, J. Y. M., Lee, Y. M., & Chan, E. A. (2020). Knowledge level and motivation of Hong Kong young adults towards blood donation: a cross-sectional survey. BMJ open, 10(1), e031865.

Unevik, E., Abbott, A., Fors, S., & Rolfson, O. (2020). Sociodemographic Inequalities in Outcomes of a Swedish Nationwide Self-Management Program for Osteoarthritis: Results from 22,741 Patients between Years 2008–2017. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 9(7), 2294.

Van Der Linden, B. W. A., Sieber, S., Cheval, B., Orsholits, D., Guessous, I., Gabriel, R., … & Cullati, S. (2020). Life-course circumstances and frailty in old age within different European welfare regimes: a longitudinal study with SHARE. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 75(6), 1326-1335.


Ågotnes G, Jacobsen FF & Szebehely M (2019) The growth of the for-profit nursing home  sector in Norway and Sweden: Driving forces and resistance. In: Armstrong P & Armstrong H, Eds. The Privatization of Care. The Case of Nursing Homes. Routledge.

Brodin, H & Peterson, E (2019) Doing business or leading care work?. Intersections of gender, ethnicity and profession in home care entrepreneurship in Sweden, Gender, Work and Organization, 26(11):1640-1657.

Brodin, H & Peterson, E. (2019) Equal opportunities? Gendering and racializing the politics of entrepreneurship in Swedish eldercare. NORA – Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, DOI: 10.1080/08038740.2019.1698653

Burström, B. (2019). What Is Happening in Sweden?. International Journal of Health Services, 49(2), 204-211.

Ericsson, M., Pedersen, N. L., Johansson, A. L., Fors, S., & Dahl Aslan, A. K. (2019). Life-course socioeconomic differences and social mobility in preventable and non-preventable mortality: a study of Swedish twins. International journal of epidemiology, 48(5), 1701-1709.

Hjelmar, U. and Rostgaard, T., (2019) Topping up with supplemental home care: A shift from service universalism towards a new public service model? International Journal of Social Welfare.

Hossin, M. Z., Östergren, O., & Fors, S. (2019). Is the association between late life morbidity and disability attenuated over time? Exploring the dynamic equilibrium of morbidity hypothesis. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 74(8), e97-e106.

Lowndes R, Choiniere J & Erlandsson S (2019) Marketing Long-Term Care: Website Analysis of For-Profit Corporations in Sweden and Canada. In: Armstrong P & Armstrong H, Eds. The Privatization of Care. The Case of Nursing Homes. Routledge.

Rostgaard, T. og Matthiessen, Mads. (2019) ’Hjælp til svage ældre’. VIVE rapport. København: VIVE

Szebehely M & Meagher G (2019) Vinster i välfärden: en historia om näringslivslobbyism och socialdemokratisk ambivalens. I: Politik och marknad. Dialogos förlag.

Uusitalo, Mikko Puhakka, Torben M. Andersen and Kaisa Kotakorpi (2019) Regional Government, Health and Social Services Reform. In Economic Policy Council Report 2018. VATT Institute for Economic Research, Helsinki, 85-126.

Doctoral Thesis: 

Johan Rehnberg (2019). Inequalities in life and death: Income and mortality in an ageing population. Doctoral Theis, Stockholm:  Stockholm University.


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Forma L, Rissanen P, Aaltonen M, Pulkki J, Raitanen J, Jylhä M. (2018). Vanhuusiän ympärivuorokautinen pitkäaikaishoito keskittyy yhä selvemmin viimeisiin elinvuosiin: Vuosien 2001-2003 ja 2009-2011 vertailu. Yhteiskuntapolitiikka 83 (4), 399-411.

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Nevalainen, T., Autio, A., Mishra, B. H., Marttila, S., Jylhä, M., & Hurme, M. (2018). Aging-associated patterns in the expression of human endogenous retroviruses. PloS one13(12), e0207407.

Ozsait-Selcuk B, Komurcu-Bayrak E, Jylhä M, et al. The rs2516839 variation of USF1 gene is associated with 4-year mortality of nonagenarian women: The Vitality 90+ study. Ann Hum Genet. 2018;1–12.

Satokangas, M., Lumme, S., Arffman, M., Manderbacka, K., & Keskimäki, I. (2018). ACSC trajectories for primary health care authorities in Finland in 1996-2013. European Journal of Public Health28(suppl_4), cky213-537.

Schön, P., & Heap, J. (2018). ESPN Thematic Report on Challenges in long-term care [Sweden]. European Social Policy Network, Brussels: European Commission.

Schön, P. (2018). Familjen allt viktigare för omsorgen om äldre. Äldre i Centrum. Nr 3, 2018,–for-omsorgen-om-aldre/

Seblova, D., Wicks, S., Fors, S., Lopéz Quiroga, M., Johnell, K., Lövdén, M., Svensson, A. C. & Lager, A. (2018). Thirty-year trends in dementia: a nationwide population study of Swedish inpatient records. Clinical Epidemiology, 10, 1679-1693.

Shaw, BA., Fors, S., Fritzell, J., Lennartsson, C., & Agahi, N. (2018) Who Lives Alone During Old Age? Trends in the Social and Functional Disadvantages of Sweden’s Solitary Living Older Adults. Research on Aging. doi:10.1177/0164027517747120

Stranz, A., Szebehely, M. (2018) Organizational trends impacting on everyday realities: the case of Swedish eldercare. In: Christensen K & Pilling D, eds. The Routledge Handbook of Social Care Work Around the World. Routledge

Timonen, V. and Rostgaard, T. (2018) Turning the problem into the solution: Hopes, trends and contradictions in home care for ageing populations in Europe’ in In Thomas Boll; Dieter Ferring; Jaan Valsiner (eds.) Cultures of Care: Handbook of Cultural Geropsychology. Information Age Publishing.

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Vehko, T., Josefsson, K., Lehtoaro, S., Sinervo, T. (2018). Vanhuspalveluiden henkilöstö ja työn tuloksellisuus rakennemuutoksessa (Personnel and work efficiency in services for older people during structural changes). Raportti : 2018_016, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki 2018.


Aaltonen, M., Forma, L., Pulkki, J., Raitanen, J., Rissanen, P., Jylhä, M.. (2017) Changes in older people’s care profiles during the last two years of life, 1996-1998 and 2011-2013: a retrospective nationwide study in Finland. BMJ Open, 7(11). doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015130.

Darin-Mattsson, A., Fors, S., & Kåreholt, I. (2017) Different indicators of socioeconomic status and their relative importance as determinants of health in old age. International journal for equity in health, 16(1), 173.

Ericsson, M. C., Gatz, M., Kåreholt, I., Parker, M. G., & Fors, S. (2017) Validation of abridged mini-mental state examination scales using population-based data from Sweden and USA. European Journal of Ageing, 14(2), 199-205.

Ericsson, M., Lundholm, C., Fors, S., Aslan, A. K. D., Zavala, C., Reynolds, C. A., & Pedersen, N. L. (2017) Childhood social class and cognitive aging in the Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of Aging. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201620603.

Halonen, P., Enroth, L., Jylhä, M., Tiainen, K. (2017) Pitkäaikaissairaudet ja monisairastavuus hyvin vanhoilla sekä niiden yhteys toimintakykyyn ja itse arvioituun terveyteen-Tervaskannot 90+ -tutkimus. Gerontologia, 31(4), 269-281.

Harrington, C., Jacobsen, FF., Panos, J., Pollock, A., Sutaria, S., Szebehely, M. (2017) Marketization in Long-Term Care: A Cross-Country Comparison of Large For-Profit Nursing Home Chains. Health Services Insights, 10. doi:10.1177/1178632917710533

Heap, J., Fors, S., & Lennartsson, C. (2017) Coexisting Disadvantages in later Life: Demographic and Socio-Economic Inequalities. Journal of Population Ageing, 10(3), 247-267. doi:10.1007/s12062-016-9158-y

Jensen Flensborg, MC. (2017) Gender Stereotypes and the Reshaping of Stigma in Rehabilitative Eldercare. Gender, Work & Organization, 24 (5): 656–674.

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Jolanki, O., Tynkkynen, LK., Sinervo, T. (2017) Professionals’ views on integrated care. Journal of Integrated care, 25(4): 247-255.

Lagergren, M., Johnell, K., Schön, P., & Danielsson, M. (2017). Towards a postponement of ADL dependency and mobility limitation – trends in healthy life years in old age in Sweden 1980 to 2011. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 45: 520–527

Masters Pedersen, J., Budtz-Jørgensen, E., De Roos, AC., Garcia, L., Lund, R., Rod, NH., Kroenke, C., Katie Chan, KH., Liu, S., Michael, Y. (2017) Understanding the relation between socioeconomic position and inflammation in post-menopausal women: education, income and occupational prestige. European Journal of Public Health.

Lumme, S., Manderbacka, K., Keskimäki, I. (2017) Trends of relative and absolute socioeconomic equity in access to coronary reavascularisations in 1995-2010 in Finland: a register study. International Journal for Equity in Health Int J Equity in Health, 16:37. doi:10.1186/s12939-017-0536-8

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Masters Pedersen, J., Mortensen, EL., Skjærlund, D., Rozing, M., Brunsgaard, H., Holdal Meincke R., Lindved Petersen G., Lund R. (2017) Prenatal and early postnatal stress and later life inflammation. Psychoneuroendocrinology.

Burström, B., Burström, K., Nilsson, G., Tomson, G., Whitehead, M., Winblad, U. (2017) Equity aspects of the Primary Health Care Choice Reform in Sweden – a scoping review. Int J Equity Health, 28;16(1):29. doi: 10.1186/s12939-017-0524-z.

Kauppi, M., Raitanen, J., Stenholm, S., Aaltonen, M., Enroth, L., Jylhä, M. (2017) Predictors of long-term care among nonagenarians: the Vitality 90 + Study with linked data of the care registers. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research. doi: 10.1007/s40520-017-0869-6

Keskimäki, I., Heponiemi, T., Sinervo, T. (2017) Striving for integrated care and efficiency in Finland: country-wide and local skill-mix innovations. In: Glinos I et al. Skill-mix innovations in primary and chronic care: Mobilising patients, peers, professionals.  Observatory Studies Series, World Health Organization, in press.

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How to acknowledge SIA and NordForsk

Oral presentations and posters use the NordForsk logo found at the Nordforsk website. Follow these links:

PNG logo (for use in power point and when high resolution is not needed)

Tiff logo (for print and when high resolution is needed)

In articles, books, book chapters, etc quote the following:

The research leading to these results was carried out as part of the Social Inequalities in Ageing (SIA) project, funded by NordForsk, project no. 74637.